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File #: 080077    Version:
Type: Resolution Status: Placed On File
File created: 5/20/2008 In control: COMMON COUNCIL
On agenda: Final action: 5/13/2014
Effective date:    
Title: Substitute resolution expressing City of Milwaukee support for efforts to discontinue federal corn ethanol mandates, cease incentives for corn ethanol production and end tariffs on imported biofuels.
Sponsors: ALD. BOHL
Indexes: ENERGY CONSERVATION, FEDERAL LEGISLATION, SOCIAL CONCERNS
Attachments: 1. Fiscal Note, 2. Article - BusinessWeek - Criticism Mounts Against Biofuels, 3. Article - USA TODAY - Ethanol comes with environmental impact, despite green image, 4. Articel - Wall Street Journal - Ethanol Craze Cools As Doubts Multiply, 5. Article - Knowledge Wharton - An Earful on Ethanol: Rising Food Prices, Inefficient Production and Other Problems, 6. Article - Milwaukee Journal - Ethanol blends may increase auto emissions, 7. Letter of Support from Oscar Mayer President, 8. E-Mail of Support from Kraft Employee, 9. Letter of Support from the Wisconsin Restaurant Association, 10. Ethanol Facts, 11. Wisconsin Pipe Trades Association, 12. Memorandum regarding Ethanol Talking Points, 13. Notice List
Date Ver.Action ByActionResultTallyAction DetailsMeeting DetailsVideo
5/13/20141 COMMON COUNCIL PLACED ON FILEPass15:0 Action details Meeting details Not available
5/5/20141 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE RECOMMENDED FOR PLACING ON FILEPass4:0 Action details Meeting details Not available
4/29/20141 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
4/29/20141 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
7/21/20081 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HELD TO CALL OF THE CHAIR

Minutes note: Speakers: Ann Beier - Office of Environmental Sustainability Opposed: Joel Zielke - Steamfitters Local 601 Bob Welch - Wisconsin Corn Growers, Wisconsin Bioindustry Alliance and Renew Energy, LLC Held rather than being placed on file at the request of the sponsor.
Pass4:0 Action details Meeting details Not available
7/10/20081 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
7/10/20081 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
7/10/20081 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
6/24/20081 CITY CLERK DRAFT SUBMITTED   Action details Meeting details Not available
6/23/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTED

Minutes note: Jeff Doose - Dept. of Public Works Fleet Services Mike Talarczyk - Legislative Reference Bureau Proposed Substitute A accepted.
Pass5:0 Action details Meeting details Not available
6/23/20081 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HELD TO CALL OF THE CHAIR

Minutes note: Hold one cycle in the hopes that those individuals who were noticed in opposition to this item will attend.
Pass5:0 Action details Meeting details Not available
6/20/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
6/20/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
6/20/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
6/16/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
6/16/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
6/2/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HELD TO CALL OF THE CHAIR

Minutes note: Held at the request of the sponsor.
Pass3:0 Action details Meeting details Not available
5/27/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
5/22/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
5/22/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
5/22/20080 JUDICIARY & LEGISLATION COMMITTEE HEARING NOTICES SENT   Action details Meeting details Not available
5/20/20080 COMMON COUNCIL ASSIGNED TO   Action details Meeting details Not available
Number
080077
Version
SUBSTITUTE 1
Reference
 
Sponsor      
ALD. BOHL
Title
Substitute resolution expressing City of Milwaukee support for efforts to discontinue federal corn ethanol mandates, cease incentives for corn ethanol production and end tariffs on imported biofuels.
Analysis
The federal Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 mandates the production of 15 billion gallons of corn ethanol by 2015 and 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels by 2022.  The 2007 U.S. Farm Bill under consideration includes $5.2 billion in direct payments to farmers and sets aside over $400 million for the production, research and use of ethanol and other biofuels.  Federal policy also grants a 51-cent per gallon ethanol blender tax credit and imposes a 54-cent per gallon tariff on imported biofuels.  
 
This resolution expresses City of Milwaukee support for efforts to end federal corn ethanol mandates, end incentives for corn-based ethanol production and end tariffs on imported biofuels.  The resolution further states that federal emphasis on ethanol production has not decreased dependence on foreign oil, has been attributed to an increase in food prices and a decrease in the food supply, and has had little discernible financial benefit to most farmers.  Corn-based ethanol production is energy and water intensive, while effectively counteracting well-established conservation programs, all negating purported environmental benefits of the biofuel.   
Body
Whereas, Domestic corn ethanol production is encouraged, subsidized and protected in the U.S. by:
 
1.      The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which mandates the production of 15 billion gallons of corn ethanol by 2015 and 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels by 2022.
 
2.      The proposed 2007 U.S. Farm Bill, which includes $5.2 billion in direct payments to farmers based on crop acreage and allots over $400 million for the production, research and use of ethanol and other biofuels.
 
3.      A 51-cent per gallon tax credit to the registered blender.
 
4.      A 54-cent per gallon tariff imposed on all imported biofuels.
 
; and
 
Whereas, These government mandates and incentives were the impetus for a record 2007 corn crop, resulting in fewer acres devoted to soybeans, wheat, alfalfa, fruits and vegetables and the conversion of lands previously devoted to conservation efforts; and
 
Whereas, The 7 billion gallons of ethanol produced in 2007 required the commitment of over 20% of the U.S. corn crop; and
 
Whereas, Mandates set forth in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 necessitate increasingly greater percentages of the corn crop be committed to ethanol production and more lands diverted to growing corn; and
 
Whereas, More corn used for the production of fuel effectively means less corn available as a food source; and
 
Whereas, Corn is the primary feed for livestock, and grain is a major ingredient in food products; and
 
Whereas, Current ethanol production, the new government mandates and greater commodity speculation have resulted in corn prices reaching record levels which, in turn, has resulted in significant increases in food prices; and
 
Whereas, Rising costs of food disproportionately hurt low and moderate income Americans who can least afford the burden of inflationary increases in their household budgets, and worldwide particularly impacts those countries that are net food importers or experience regular food shortages; and
 
Whereas, Corn ethanol has been promoted as a fuel that is environmentally friendly, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide; and
 
Whereas, The large doses of fertilizer and heavy use of farm machinery required to grow corn, the burning of natural gas or coal to create the steam that drives corn distillation, the yeasts used in the conversion-to-ethanol process, and the transfer to corn production of environmentally sensitive lands currently held fallow in the Conservation Reserve Program all increase the emission of carbon dioxide; and
 
Whereas, Incentives to grow corn lead to less crop rotation, necessitating the use of more fertilizer, increasing the amount of nitrate runoff, which is absorbed into aquifers, compromising the drinking water supply; and
 
Whereas, The corn conversion process is water-intensive, requiring between 4 and 6 gallons of municipal or well water to generate 1 gallon of ethanol; and
 
Whereas, The significant amount of energy required in the corn-to-fuel process makes corn ethanol, with an energy input/output ratio of little more than 1:1, by far the least energy efficient of all biofuel alternatives; and
 
Whereas, Ethanol mandates and producer subsidies discourage investment in other biofuels; and
 
Whereas, Tariffs imposed on imported biofuels stymie importation of more efficient alternatives such as sugarcane ethanol, and exist to primarily protect corn ethanol producers; and
 
Whereas, While discussion surrounding ethanol production focuses on supporting the tradition of farming in rural America, economies-of-scale in the ethanol chain primarily benefit agribusiness, with a vast majority of farmers realizing no tangible benefits from ethanol mandates and subsidies; and
 
Whereas, The 7 billion gallons of ethanol produced in 2007 had minimal impact on overall gasoline usage or dependence on foreign oil; now, therefore, be it
 
Resolved, By the Common Council of the City of Milwaukee, that the Common Council  supports efforts to discontinue federal corn ethanol mandates, cease incentives for corn ethanol production and end tariffs on imported biofuels; and, be it
 
Further Resolved, That the City Clerk send a copy of this resolution to each member of Wisconsin's U.S. Congressional delegation.    
Requestor
 
Drafter
LRB08194-2
MST
5/27/08